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Measles (Khasra)

Measles (Khasra) is a highly infectious disease cause by virus. Measles immunization was widely available; it used to be significant cause of childhood illness and death. Measles is confused with other viral fever accompanied with rash by the elders in the household. In Pakistan generally known as “khasra.” In this article, you will know the history, causes, difficulties and cure for measles.

The virus of measles is dangerous then other viruses because it spreads in air but beside this there is a vaccine that can cure measles 100%. The vaccine of measles had been founded in 1963. Paramyxovirus is the virus that can cause measles. If a person is infected then the temperature of body can be reach up to 104F/40c.

In the past few months it is has been discovered that in Punjab, mostly in Lahore over 6000 cases has been reported. There are 60 to 70 cases are reporting dally in the province of Punjab. Therefore, the Government is trying to do every possible thing to stop this dangerous disease. The vaccination is started all over the province. The vaccine of measles is provided in every hospital of province now it is the duty of all the parents to vaccinate all their children up to 5 years old. Please first take advice to your Doctor then apply any type of medicine. In this page, you will read Khasra, Measles in Urdu, (Khasra ka ilaj, khasra ka alamat) in urdu and Roman Hindi.

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Khasra Kay Liay In Urdu (Measles In Urdu )

Kya app jante hain kay duniya bhar mein bachon mein paya jane wala sab se ziyadah mutadi marz (aik bache se dosre bache ko lagne wala) kon sa hai?

App Ko maloom hona chahiye wo marz khasra hai. Is mozi marz ka naam aksar humare kanon mein parta hai. Lekin hum mein se aksar is ki sangini se bilkul waqif nahi.yad rakhein tamam tarah ke degar mutadi amraz/ infections ya to pani ke zarye, khoon ke zarye, luab kay zarye ya khurak wagherah ke zarye phalte hain magar ap khasra ke virus ke bhayanak pan ka andaza is baat se laga sakte hain kay khasra ka virus duniya ka wo wahid virus haijo hawa ke zarye phelta hai. Yani aik mutasira meriz jab hawa mein sans leta hai, khansta hai ya chinkta hai to ye khatarnak virus mariz ke nathnon ya mun se nikal kar fori tor par ap ke ird gird hawa mein phel jata hai.aur pas khara koi dosra shakhs fori tor par virus apne phephron mein le jata hai. Magar yad rakein in tamam kharabiyon ke bawajod khasra ka virus wo virus hai jis ki 100 fisad kamyab vaccine hai aur aik khas vaccine ke zarye 100fisad rok tham ho sakti hai.

Watan e aziz Pakistan mein abhi pichle saalon mein dengue ka afriyat dor aya tha. Is ne Pakistan khososan Punjab ke tamam hukumati aur niji idaron ke dhancho ko hila kar rakh deya tha. Abhi dengue se Pakistan kay awam ki jan choti hi thi ke Sindh aur jonobi Panjab mein khasra ki shaded waba phel gai.

Ese mein ye zarori tha ke awam ko khasra kay bare mein tamam zarori malomat farham karne ka ehtemam kia jaye. Khasra par likha jane wala mazmon bhi awam ki falah aur sehat e amma ki gharz o aghayat se tehrir kia gaya hai. Is mazmon mein mandarja zel haqaiq se ap bakhubi aghah hosakein ge.

• Khasra (Measles) ki ab tak ki mukhtasir tarikh

• Khasra (Measles) ki wajohat

• Khasra (Measles) ki alamat aur pechidgiyan

• Khsara (Measles) ki baqidah tashkhis

• Khasra (Measles) ki rok tham aur Khasra Ka ilaj mualja

Khasra (measles) ko rubella ya marbely bhi kaha jata hai. Pori duniya mein aik esa dor bhi aya tha ke khasra bachon mein mujod aik intehai aam paya jane wala mutadi marz/ infection howa karta tha.

Shumali America mein pheli bar is par tehqiq hoi thi. 1960 ki dehai ke aghaz mein sirf shumali America mein panch lakh (500,000) bache is ka shikar hoye the.1963 mein khasra ki vaccine daryaft hoi aur is ne sab kuch badal kar rakh deya. Aaj jab khasra ke chand naye cases taraqi yafta mumalik mein zahor pazir howe hain. Magar taraiqi pazir mumalik mein ye waba ki sorat mein namodar hote hain.

Agarcha marizon ki aik bari tadad is infection se sehatyab ho jati hai, magar khasra ki sangen pechidgiyan bhi samne asakti hain. Infection ke shoro mein dimagh ke hisse waram zadah ho sakte hain jis ko encephalitis yani dimagh ki sozish kehte hain. Aik esi pechidgi hai jo foran to nahi balke kai saalon bad der se bhi namudar ho sakti hai. Is kay natije mein dimagh ke mukhtalif hisson ki tabahi hoti hai. Insanon mein vaccine se jin Mutadi amras ki rok tham bilkul mumkin hojati hai khasra ka shumar in bimariyon mein hota hai. In bimariyon ko vaccine pryonticible infaction khelate hain. Khasra ki Mukhtalif antigenic

Iqsam hain. Lekin insanon mai khasra ki sirf ek khas tarah ki antigenic qism pai jati hai. Is ka matlab ye hai ke agar Pakistan mein ek bari or muasar Ammonization yani vaccine ki Muhim shuru ki jaye aur phir is ko batariq ahasn mukamal kar liay jaye yahi buland tareen ammonization sharah tak kamiyab jid o jhead ki jaye to is virus ko mukamal tor par khatam kiya ja sakta hai jese chechak or smallpox or polio ko khatam kiya ja chuka hai.

Khasra Ki Wajohat:

Khasra aik khas kism ke virus se lahaq hota hai jis ka naam paramyoxvirus hai. Ye hawa mein mujod chote chote aabi qatrat droplets ke zarye is waqat phelta hai jab aik mutasira infected waram zadah shakhs khansta hai, sans lata hai ya nak ke zarye chenkta hai. Influenza virus to ap ne suna aur pharha ho ga. Is influenza virus ke baraks khasra virus darwazon ke handles aur tele phone waghera jesi dosri ashya par ziyadah der tak nahi rehta. Ye aik hawa mein rehne wala virus hai aur is ka ye matlab hai ke ye intehai ziyadah achoti aur mutadi virus hai. Tehqiq sabit rati hai ke sirf 10 fisad wo ashkhas jin ko vaccine nahi lagi hoti aur wo aik hi ghar mein rehte hain, is infection se mutasira mariz ke sath bach pate hain baqi sab 90 fisad log is virus ka shikar ho jate hain.

Khasra ki Alamat :

Aik dafa infection ho jane ke bad aik ya do hafte tak koi alamat namodar hoye baghair hi virus tadad mein barhta rehta hai. Ese kehte hain incubation. Is kay baad alamat namodar hoti hain jese khansi, nazla, bukhar, aankhon ka surkh ho jana aur aanso’on ka behna waghera. Bacho mein chirchirapan bhi peda ho sakta hai.

In abtedai alamat ke taqriban do din bad koplik’s spots mun ke andar molar danton ke nazdiq galon ke andoroni side par zahir hote hain. Koplik’s spots ropcik’s chote size ke surkh ang ke be qaidah se spots ya dagh hote hain jin ke andoroni markaz mein safeed ya nila rang hota hai taqriban do din ke baad bare size ke brown ya surkh ubhre hoye dhabe namodar hote hain ye rash (dhar par) kanon se peche aur baad mein sath hi peshani aur chere par zahir hote hain. Is kay baad ye pait, kamar, bazo’on aur tangon par phel sakte hain. Ye rash taqriban panch (5) din ke andar ghayab hona shuru ho jate hain, ye shuru mein sar ki taraf se ghayab hona shuru hote hain phir jism ke nichle hisson (tangein wagherah) kitaraf se saf hote jate hain.

Aik daf ajab rash mukamal tor par ghayab ho jate hain to jism ki jild kuch kuch bore rang ki nazar aane lagti hai aur upar jid ki tahein jald hi bad mein azkhud utarna shuru ho jati hain aur jism se utarti jati hain. Ye rash dard nahi karte aur bikul kharish nahi karte kuch log roshni se bohat hassas ho jate hain aur in ki aankhein surkh aur sozish zadah ho jati hain. Infection ke uroj ke doran bohat ziyadah darja harat ka bukhar waqaya ho jata hai yani 104F/40c tak.

Jab rash zahir hote hain to is se char din phele se khasra mutadi contagious sorat ikhteyar kar leta hai. Is liay ye bohat behtar ho ta hai ke is doran khasra zadah log dosre logon se dor rahein tak ke dosre log mutasir na ho sakein.

Khasra ka amal amoman sadah marahil ke sath ghuzar jata hai. Kuch pechidgiyon ke sath kuch cases mein to sangen masail janam le sakte hain. Aik bari pechidgi namoniya hai jo phephron ka waram (infection) hota hai. Khasra azkhud kabhi bhi sakht namoniya ka bais nahi banta balke khasra madafiti nizam (immune system) ke sath jor jata hai aur phephron ko waram zadah kar deta hai. Phir is ke bad bacteria asani se phrphron meindakhil ho jata hai aur phephron ko super infect kar deta hai. Jarasimi waram (infection) ki ak alamt ye bhi hai ke sakht kism ki khansi hoti hai jo lagatar panch (5) din tak hoti hai. Aur zard ya sabz rang ke balgham ka ikhraj hota hai. Agar ye alamt zahir hona shuru ho jaein to fori tor par doctor se rujo karna chaheye. Aik dosr aam jarasimi waram (infection) jo tissues ki sozish ke natije mein ubharta hai aur khasra ki wajah se hota hai wo hai kan ke darmiyani hisse ka waram (infection) jo otitis media kehlata hia.

Khasra Ki Tashkhis:

ye intehai aham hota hai ke khasra ki janch jald azjald ki jaye chunke bemari apne ibtedai marahil mein chupi hoi hoti hai. Ap ka doctor ap ki medical history le ga aur physical checkup amal mein laye ga tak ke khasra ki tashkhis ho jaye. Aam nishanat aur alamat mein rash , bukhar, nazla, chenkein aur khansi shamil hai. Surkh aankhein asani se dekhi ja sakti hain aur ye khasra ki tashkhis mein intehai karamad hain.

Agar kisi mariz ke sath khasra riwayti alamt yani nazla, zukam wazerah bilkul mujod nahonto mariz ke mun ke andar se muina besiyon haqaiq bata deta hai.

Sdurkh chote se beqaidah dagh(spots) mun ke andar dekhe jasakte hain. Jin ko coplik’s spots kehte hain. Ye galon ke andar ki dewaron par, molar danton ke nazdik paye jate hain. Har spot ka nela yasafed markaz hota hai. Coplik’s spotskhasra ki yaqini aur haqiqi alamat hote hain. Aur jo abtedai alamat ke do din bad namudar hote hainaur jo ke rash bane se do din qabl zahor pazir hote hain.

Jo doctor sahib in coplik’s spots ko mun ke andar dekh lete hain wo amoman khoon test ya degar tissue test ko is gharz se ahmiyat nahi dete ke tashkhis ho sake balke is liay in tests ko tajwiz karte hain ke test sehat e aama ko malhoze khatir rakh kar faidah de sakte hain. Tak ke khasra oat braks ko qabo mein karne mein madad mile.

Khasra Ka ilaj:

Common cold ya aam nazla zukam ki tarah khasra bhi aik virus infection yani virus zadah waram hota hai.jis ka muqabla insane jism bari kamyabi se karta haiaur aik muqarar waqat ke bad infection zail hojata hai. Koi esi adwiyat nahi jo kay khasra ke virus ko khatam kar sakein. Bas faidamand ilaj mualja sirf wo hi hai jo kay alamat ko zail karne mein madad de. Missal kay tor par acetaminophen ya ibuprofen brufen bukhar ko kam kar sakta hai khansi aur gale ki kharash wagherah kay liay jo adwiyat hoti hain wo in alamat ko khatam karne mein madad de sakti hain.

Doctor saheban vitamin A ki ziyadah maqdar ki khurakein de sakte hain aur tajwiz kar sakte hain. In bachon ko jin ko khasra ho jata hai ya jin ko khasra hone ka khatrah hota hai. Wo bache ziyadah rusk par hote hain jo khasra ki wajah se hospitals mein dekhil hote hain. Ya wo bache jin ka madafati nizam antehai kamzor (suppressed) hota hai. Ya wo bache jin ko vitamin A ki kami ka marz lahaq hota hai ya wo bache jo in mumalik se safar kar ke kahein pohanchte hain, jahan par khasra ki wajah se sharah e amwat ziyadah rehti hai, 95% bache jin ko khasra ke khilaf achi tarah se vaccine de di jaye to wo bache khasra se mehfoz ho jate hain.

Humare elm ka mutabiq vaccine ki wajah se ye tahafoz sari zindagi ke liay hota hai.

Sirf 15% cases mein marizon ko bohat maoli gheir mutadi khasra ho sakta hai. Vaccine dene ke taqreban 10 din bad ye is liay hota hai ke vaccine zindah viruson par mushtamil hoti hai magar ye virus intehai kamzor strain ke hote hain.

Wo maaein ji ko khasra ho chukka ho un ke han janam lene wale bache aik saal tak khaSra se mehfoz rehte hain. Chunke khas kism ke antibodies maa ke madafati nizam mein se bache ko muntaqil ho jate hain is wajah se khasra ki vaccine is tarah bache mein phele saal ki umar tak kaam bhi nahi kar skati.

Ziyadah mustamil yani istemal mein laya jane wala tariqa ye hai ke bachon ko 12 se 15 mah ki umar mein vaccine de di jaye aur phir 4 ya 6 baras ki umar mein aik booster doze (khurak) de di jaye. Yani jab wo school ya kinder garden jane lagein.khasra ki vaccine aam tor par mumps aur rubella vaccine ke sath mila kar aik hi injection mein di jati hai jis ko MMR vaccine kaha jata hai.

Ye vaccine khasra ko un bachon mein parwan charhne se rok sakti hai jo ke virus zadah hote hain. Magar ye bhi mumkin hai agar vaccine mariz mein virus ke hamla hone se 72 gante ke andar andar de di jaye.
Aam tor par khasra ki vaccine I bachon ko nahi deni chaheye jo aik saal se chote hon, un maaon ko jo ke hamla hon ya un logon ko jin ka madafati nizam bori tarah mutasir air nuqsan zadah ho.

Yan agar aik hamla urat ya nozidah bacha is khasra virus ka shikar ho jaein to vaccine ke bajaye in ko immune serum globuline de janai chaheye.jis mein virus ke khilaf insane jism ko tahafoz faraham karne wale khas kism ke anti bodies hoti hain.

Tamam tar adwiyat ka aik genes ka naam aur aik brand naam hota hai. Brand naam wo hota hai jo adwiyasaz adare apni product ko deya karte hain.

warning: Tamam Dawayein Apne Doctor Ke Masware ke Begair Istemal na karein.

 

 

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